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Coffee Preparation

Dry and Wet Coffee Bean Processing

Coffee plants grow beautiful berries that are harvest and dried to bring you the very best flavors available. After the coffee berries are harvested, they must be directly processed. There are two different treatment methods to process a raw coffee bean, a dry and wet process.

The dry process is the oldest and easiest treatment method. During this treatment, the coffee bean is usually spread in a thin layer on a concrete floor to dry. They must be protected from temperature fluctuations and rain. The bean and its shell are almost completely dried in this process and will separate on their own. Depending on the climate, this process can take three to five weeks.

The wet process must begin no later than 5 hours after harvesting the fruit from the coffe plant. The coffee cherries are first washed, freed from impurities, and then sorted. In more complex stations, the bean is removed from its shell and completely cleaned. After this the beans are left out to dry for about 8 to 10 days. The wet treatment process requires a large amount of water, and therefore cannot be done in each cultivation area. Coffee that is treated in this way is called “wet processed” or “washed” coffee. The wet treatment promises a better quality of coffee as the beans maintain their fruity taste and develop very distinctive flavors.

The coffee bean can be processed by two methods, wet or dry processing.